People want a smooth, clear, and even complexion. Naturally, nobody wants their skin to be synonymous to a Dalmatian…unless they are trying to set a trend, which I very much doubt would work.
The sad truth is, even with regular cleansing, some people still develop dark spots, also called hyper- pigmentation by dermatologists. It is characterized by pockets of discoloured skin that remain even after pimples or skin bumps have disappeared. Hyper-pigmentation can be caused by many factors that can be external or internal.
Among internal factors, there are certain illnesses such as Edison's disease and some hepatic problems. If someone is taking too much iron, for instance, it can cause darker areas on the skin. Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause also have a role to play. The deficit of certain vitamins and minerals such as calcium and vitamins A, E and B also can cause hyper-pigmentation.
A common culprit is the increase in melanin that occurs after skin is inflamed or irritated, or too much exposure to the sun. People with darker skin tones such as South Asians and Latinos are more likely to face this kind of problem.
While persistent dark spots can be remedied at home, health experts advise people to FIRST check with a dermatologist to make sure that the spot is harmless and can be left alone in place. After that, there are simple ways to effectively eliminate dark spots in your skin. For some, simply applying creams and sun block might work. For others, they might require skin peelings. No matter what, it is best to consult with your dermatologists.
Here are some simple tips on how to get rid of those persistent dark spots:
1. Use sunscreen daily with SPF 15 or higher. It is always wise to block the sun that darkens our skin. This will also minimize our risk of acquiring skin cancers.
2. Do not pick your pimples or zits since it will result in scarring.
3. Pick a product that contains mild hydroquinone since it is the main ingredient in most skin bleaches. If you cannot tolerate hydroquinone, try skin brighteners. Hydroquinone is usually used with glycolic acid and tretinoin.
Always remember that skin bleaching is not instant. It may take you three months to a year to fade the darkened skin depending on the type of your skin tone. Moreover, try not to abuse your skin. If you have persistent skin problems like acne that leave scars, treat them immediately and stop the cycle.
Remember, prevention is always better than treatment.
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